Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Essay --

Trends The Trend of the population growth of Nigeria is and will be influenced by the Fertility and Birth rates, Mortality or Death rates, and the Demographic Features. The main key to decelerating the rate of population growth would be a sharp decline in the fertility rate, which is defined as the average number of children a woman will bear in her life time. The National Population Commission stated that, â€Å"the total fertility rate(TFR) in Nigeria is 5.7, this means that at current fertility levels, the average Nigerian woman who is at the beginning of her childbearing years will give birth to 5.7 children by the end of her lifetime† (2002). Figure 2/Nigeria's growing Crude Birth Rate. Source: World Development Indicators (WDI), October 2013. Figure 2 is displaying the growing birth rate of Nigeria and its percentage changes from the year 2001 to the year 2011. The natality rate in population ecology is the scientific term for birth rate. The birth rate; crude (per 1000 people) in Nigeria was last measured in 2011 at 41.8. Fertility has been relatively high in Nigeria for several years. Feyisetan & Bankole (2007) enlightened that, â€Å"the fertility hindering effect of contraception can be expected to increase as the levels of contraception use increases. Also the modern methods has increased since the early eighties. The impact of abortion on fertility has been documented†. However, data on abortion are very scanty in Nigeria because the procedure is illegal. The other factors that affect the fertility course in Nigeria is education of women and female employment. The total fertility rate in Nigeria was 5.5 as of 2008 to a 5.5 in 2013. Nigeria population is increasing mostly due to the result of the first factor... ...efs and practices in Nigeria’s culture- such as early marriages, male children an polygamy- were the main reason for Nigeria’s rapid population growth. Nigeria is free from natural disasters like typhoons and is also oil-rich, meaning that there has been a lot of migration from people of other countries; overpopulating Nigeria in the process. A trend in the population growth in Nigeria is the fertility rate of the average woman. The average woman gives birth to 5.7 children on average. The fertility rate plays a key role in population growth. The future of population growth could lead to more consumers than producers in the country, making it difficult more the economy to progress with so many mouths to feed. All in all, Nigeria has the potential to be a powerful economy, whether it can achieve that will depend on the maintenance of the population in the future. â€Æ'

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